GREENVILLE – Greenville City Schools seeks to provide a safe and high-quality learning environment that enables the district to provide engaging and rewarding work for students every day.
Many may wonder what happens when a student is not performing as expected for their grade level. At Greenville City Schools, the diligent practice of assessing students’ performance begins at the start of a new school year and continues throughout. At the beginning of each school year (as well as in the winter and spring), all students in Kindergarten through grade 10 are assessed using NWEA Measures of Academic Progress in math and reading. The results indicate a student’s performance for their grade level in math and reading according to national norms. Additional assessments may include:
- Orton-Gillingham, which is a highly structured approach that breaks reading and spelling down into smaller skills involving letters and sounds and then builds these skills over time.
- Letter and letter sound identification.
- Hearing and recording sounds in words.
- High-frequency word reading and writing, in which students are screened according to words they should know for their grade level.
- Fountas & Pinnell Benchmarks. Fountas & Pinnell is a comprehensive, systematic design for high-impact literacy instruction.
- Developmental ReadingAssessment.DRA is a test that measures a student’s reading level, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension.
If the screening results are concerning, students begin receiving interventions addressing skill deficits using a Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) and Response to Intervention (RTI), which are both general education initiatives. MTSS incorporates three tiers of support – Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3. Tier 1 refers to the core classroom instruction and universal interventions that all students in all settings receive. It is preventive and proactive, and approximately 80% of students will respond positively to this core instruction. Tier 2 refers to additional targeted instruction time with data collection and progress monitoring in a small group for some students. Approximately 15-20% of students will require this level of support. Tier 3 refers to high-intensity, individual support, and progress monitoring, with frequent data collection and progress monitoring. The remaining 0-5% of students will require this level of intensive support.
When students are not progressing satisfactorily with Tier 1 instruction and interventions, the general education teacher, with the support of other school staff, determines skills needing targeted instruction and devises a plan for strategic, research-based Tier 2 interventions. Students at this level of support receive Tier 1 core instruction plus supplemental Tier 2 interventions for 20-30 minute sessions at least three times per week. This is where Response to Intervention plays a role. The goal of Tier 2 instruction and intervention is to cause students who are at risk to catch up to grade-level expectations – that students respond positively to the intervention. The duration of Tier 2 interventions is six to eight weeks per targeted intervention.
A few students (0-5%) may experience severe and persistent learning difficulties, requiring Tier 3 instruction and interventions matched to their needs and goals. This level of support is in addition to Tier 1 core instruction and, depending on the student’s needs, maybe in addition to or in place of Tier 2 instruction. Tier 3 intervention is explicit, intensive, and research-based. Sessions are 45-60 minutes daily and include weekly progress monitoring. Tier 3 intervention is often not a different intervention but an increase in intensity, allowing students more opportunities to practice skills. Again, the goal of Tier 3 instruction is to cause students to catch up to grade-level expectations, responding positively to the intervention. The duration of Tier 3 interventions is three to six months.
If, through the Multi-Tiered System of Support and Response to the Intervention process, students do not respond positively or satisfactorily, the RTI team may suspect a disability and refer the student for a special education evaluation while the student continues to receive core instruction and appropriate interventions.
Throughout this whole process, including general education core instruction, MTSS, RTI, and special education, Greenville City Schools continues to strive to maximize the potential of all students. In doing so, ensuring compliance with state and federal regulations while supporting our students is a priority. The 2023 Ohio Special Education Rating was recently released. Greenville City Schools’ 2023 Rating Meets Requirements. This is the highest of four potential ratings and assessed Greenville City Schools’ performance on the following special education compliance measures:
- discipline discrepancies by race;
- disproportionality in identification into special education for special education;
- timely initial evaluations;
- early childhood transition;
- secondary transition planning;
- timely correction of noncompliance;
- timely and accurate data reporting;
- special education audit findings.
Greenville City Schools strives to continuously improve, looking ahead to each student’s future. Questions regarding your student’s instruction and progress should be directed towards their teachers, building principal, or Kylie Prasuhn, Director of Special Services, at 937-548-3185, ext. 1307.
Additional information can be found on the district website, www.greenville.kl2.oh.us.